Succulents gain their name because of how they retain water. Adapted to dry habitats, succulents hold extra water, making them thicker and fleshier than other plants. They may also have other adaptations, like thicker skin, less stomata (which contribute to water loss) or they may use CAM photosynthesis.

In CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism) photosynthesis, plants collect CO2 overnight, and store it to use in photosynthesis when the sun is up. This lets them keep their stomata closed during the day, preventing the hot sun from evaporating precious water out of their stomata.

Photo by brilliantbotany.

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